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RESEARCH

The UCD ERG research objective is to engage with others in pursuing an integrated understanding of building energy and indoor environmental performance. The following is a list of past and present research fields of activity and interest:

  • Energy efficiency
  • Ventilation and indoor air quality (IAQ)
  • Daylight and sunlight availability and quality
  • Passive and active solar design
  • Sustainable building design
  • The building and its microclimate
  • Building environmental dynamics
  • Environmental performance and assessment of buildings
  • Indoor environmental quality (IEQ)
  • Application of solar and other renewable energy sources in buildings
  • Innovation in design, construction and development
  • Energy and environmental standards, policy and regulation
International participation in research and building cooperative partnerships with leading international institutions and networks continues to be central to the group's mission.


RECENT EU CONTRACTS

PERFECTION (ENV.2007.3.1.5.2)
Performance indicators for health, comfort and safety of the indoor built environment
The aim of PERFECTION is to help enable the application of new building design and technologies that improve the impact of the indoor built environment on health, comfort, feeling of safety and positive stimulation.

The project concept consists of the following components:
  • the inventory of current standards, regulations, technologies and ongoing and recent research activities and policies related with optimal indoor environment
  • analysis of current indoor performance indicators and their applicability positioned within a generic framework, and identifying areas where new indicators for health and safety should be developed
  • experiences from use cases of building design and technologies exploiting the indicators in different building types
  • development of a decision support tool to guide the use of correct indicators for a given context
  • identification of incentives and barriers for the wide use of performance indicators
  • a roadmap and recommendations for building design and technologies, and support for policies
  • a wide dissemination of findings through an extensive expert network.
ASIEPI (EIE/07/169R12.466278)
Assessment and Improvement of the EPBD Impact (for new buildings and building renovation)
ASEPI provided input to the envisaged update of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), to the reporting of building related performances in the context of the Energy Services Directive and to the implementation of the measures foreseen in the EU Action Plan for Energy Efficiency.

The objectives of ASEPI were to develop a concept for intercomparison and benchmarking of EPBB requirements in the Member States, to obtain a good overview of how compliance and control of legislation is carried out in the individual Member States with suggestions for improvement, to raise awareness about the difficulties and possible solutions for: limiting thermal bridges and improvement of building airtightness and summer comfort.

ENPIRE (EIE/07/189/SI2.466706)
Energy and Urban Planning in Restructuring Areas
The objective of the ENPIRE project was to evaluate the state of the art on energy and urban planning in Europe, and develop guidelines on the process of energy and urban planning, ambitions and legislation, and implementing agreements which will be implemented in seven national projects. This project lead to recommendations and guidelines for local policy process of informing, stimulating and regulating energy design in early stages of urban planning and guidelines for the use of calculation tools for integrating energy in urban planning.

NEW4OLD (EIE/07/217/SI2.466801)
Promoting the integration of RES and RUE measures in Historic Buildings
Inspired by the success of the Renewable Energy House in Brussels, the intention of this project was to lay the ground for the creation of one publicly accessible Renewable Energy House lighthouse project per EU Member State located in a historic building, which would serve as a base for further stimulation of the market replication of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies in these countries. Within the project period of New4Old, five Renewable Energy Houses in different EU Member States were to be established. Additionally a market study for possible Renewable Energy Houses in the remaining Member States was to be developed.

PEP (EIE 2003-030)
Promotion of European Passive Houses
The goal of this project was to spread the experience gained by CEPHEUS and the subsequent projects and realized by the following activities - documentation of the energy saving potential of the Passive House concept all over Europe, show specific solutions for Passive Houses in different European regions and climates and to adapt the passive house designing tool (PHPP0, set up an information package with practical information, set up a certification programme and make a link between the Passive House buildings and technologies certification and the national Energy Performance Certification system, according to the EU building directive, organise national workshops and an annual international Passive House Conference and develop national Passive House websites.

VETBOOM (2003-HU/03/B/F/PP-170003)
Vocational and Educational Training for Buildings
This project provided new training aimed at the creation of a new profession, the building surveyor, working for the preservation of existing building stock and extension of its lifetime, by means of regular, expert observation, operation and maintenance. The project aimed to result in the preservation of buildings, improvement of comfort and energy efficiency of both existing and new buildings. The project developed training and guidance material for building surveyors and maintenance technicians.

REASURE (EIE-04-1030/Z01-056/2001)
The aim of the EU research project REASURE is to combine and adapt scientific and technological knowledge with best engineering and architectural practice. REASURE aims to design, establish, develop and operate a number of Regional Design and Advice Support Units around Europe. These units will train and support the local practitioners (architects, engineers, designers etc) on the use and integration of energy efficient systems and techniques which are often based on renewable energy systems. The training will tackle the rehabilitation of the building stock and the construction of new buildings.

EPLabel (EIE-04-2002)
A programme to deliver energy certificates for display in Public buildings across Europe within a harmonising framework
The EPLabel project developed a framework for Operational Ratings to be implemented in a harmonised way across the EU, particularly as part of legislative procedures for EPBD Article 7.3 which requires larger public buildings to display an energy certificate to the public. The framework provides sufficient flexibility to accommodate national diversity whilst structuring a generic methodology for Operational Ratings, consistent with CEN Standards, which makes it potentially applicable across all Member States. EPLabel created free-to-use demonstration Excel and Online software tools which implement this framework. These incorporate a pragmatic yet robust approach to a building energy benchmarking and certification system which includes regionalisation of national benchmarks to allow for climate differences, mixed-use (composite) benchmarks for buildings and/or sites made up of different building sectors or sub-sectors and corrections for metered special energy uses.

EUROPROSPER (EIE-04-01-069/2001)
Europrosper sought the development of a quality assured certification method for the environmental rating of buildings according to the EPBD, and a training course to produce accredited users of the method. This project included the setting up of a national Industry Steering Group to inform representatives of industrial and official interests in the Irish building energy sector of the implications of the EPBD in relation to the development of the Building Energy Assessment Certification training task.

SolaCert (4.1030/Z/01-066)
Proactive encouragement of largescale implementation of Solar Water Heating Technology in the domestic market through training, certification and promotion.
Objectives of this Altener funded project were to raise public awareness of SWHT, improve public confidence in the technology, develop theoretical and practical training courses for installers, encourage installation of highly visible and publicised solar hot water schemes, exploring usefull financing initiatives, monitoring of sample of installations to prove 'before and after' savings etc and develop a regulation and certification scheme to increase the number of high quality installation throughout Ireland and other EU countries.

ENTHUSE (4.1030/Z/01-110)
The aim of the Altener project was to provide information to Local Governments to enable them to be more effective in implementing and encouraging renewable energy schemes in their local area. In the participating countries, there is generally awareness amongst Local Governments that these technologies exist, but many would value further information on how to apply them. The project aimed to give easy access to all the necessary information, and thus aid Local Governments to contribute to European and national targets for the use of renewable energies.

E-CORE (GTC2-2002-33035)
European Construction Research Network
E-CORE had the objective to promote the development of European networking in order to achieve a better coordination of efforts and a more rapid diffusion of results so as to ensure that research activity generates real innovation for construction and related industries. By bringing together and collating results from European, national and regional RTD initiatives and following a pro-active Technology Watch approach, E-CORE sought to become the electronic reference point in Europe for obtaining information on the state-of-the-art and the status of RTD in the construction sector.

KOPRACTICE (4.1030/C/00-006/2000)
European Implementation of Thermal Bridge Analysis in Daily Practice
This SAVE funded project explored the adaptation, dissemination and support of a detailed thermal bridge analysis tool for the Irish context to support the future implementation of European Standards and Codes and Building Regulations in anticipation of the adoption of a more rigorous approach to the treatment of thermal bridges in the EPBD.

ENPER – TEBUC (4.1030/C/00-018/2000)
European collaboration in relation to Energy Performance Regulation for buildings and model code development
The ENPER-TEBUC SAVE project deals with the issue of harmonisation in European Building Codes. It investigated the possibilities of designing harmonised building codes at the European level. It set up a platform for information exchange on Energy Performance (EP) standardisation and legislation among the prominent national players, to systematically collect and summarise the different approaches and to develop suggestions for a European 'model code'.

WINDAT (NNES-2000-122)
Modelling of advanced glazing systems - window energy data network
WinDat aimed to make available and freely distribute a European software tool (WIS) for the calculation of the thermal and solar properties of commercial and innovative window systems on the basis of known component properties and thermal and solar/optical interactions between the components. It is hoped that this tool will be collectively supported and used in research, industry, standardisation, education and design throughout Europe to compare, select and promote innovative windows and window components for the optimum use of renewable energy and maximised energy savings and indoor comfort.

RDPCLEVS (NNE5-2000-441)
The RDPCLEVS project addressed the problem of poor indoor air quality in new housing which is associated with increasing levels of respiratory disease. It tests a 'Low-energy Whole House' ventilation system, developed by the University of Cambridge, to determine its ability to reduce heat loss and limit household energy demand.

Selected homes in three European locations, Denmark, Northern Ireland and Poland, were fitted with the innovative low-energy, whole house ventilation system. Among many benefits, recorded in the project, the new system improves energy efficiency (thereby reducing CO2 emissions and generating lower fuel bills); it provides effective whole house ventilation; combats condensation and mould growth; reduces cold draughts; involves simple installation and requires minimal maintenance.

CURRENT & RECENT PROJECTS

OTHER EU CONTRACTS
CONTRACT No. TITLE
IST-1999-10-253 WINDS
NNE5-1999-18 SUNRISE
NNE5-1999-485 European Green Building Forum 2
EVK4-CT-1999-20003 PRESCO
ERK6-CT-1999-20001 ENERBUILD RTD
XVII/4.1030/A/99-031 Guaranteed Results for Passive Solar Research
NNE5/1999/00020 Museums, Energy Efficiency and Sustainability in Retrofitted and New Museum Buildings
XVII/4.1031/Z98-294 Compilation of a European House Type Catalogue
DIS/1769/98-IE Two Maxibrochures to Promote: Sustainable Urban Design; Architectural Shading Systems; and a Building Technology Newsletter
XV11/4/1031/Z/97 Artificial Lighting
BU/226/98 REBUILD
BU/1027/IT RESTART
4.1030/Z/98-362 LT Method of Europe
4.1030/Z/98-042 Development of solar water heating market strategy and supporting training infrastructure in the Republic of Ireland
Development of an internet-based tool for pre-feasibility studies of RES applications in EU countries and Cyprus
Promotion and dissemination measures concerning the optimum utilisation of solar gains through fenestration systems in the building sector
Education of Architects in Solar Energy and Environment (EASEE)
4.1030/Z/98-003 Renewable Co-ops-Commercialisation and Opportunities for Partnership
4.1030/Z/97-088 Development of a Multi-Media Educational Tools on Energy Efficiency of Artificial Lighting in Buildings
ETF-VET-0069-1997 Continuing Education for Environmental Health Engineers
STR/1742/98/BE SOLGAIN
DIS-1535-97-IT UNI-AID Universities Unit in Action for Information Diffusion
DIS-1487-97-AT Innovative Energy Technologies in Historic Buildings Housing Shops, Restaurants and Offices
STR-1455-97-BE Concertation Network
DIS-1560-97-UK THERMIE and European Building Projects Information System
DIS/1356/97 EC2000 MEDIA I
STR/1193/97FR European Green Building Forum
BRRT-CT97-5007 Environmentally Friendly Technologies for Construction Materials and Components
XVII/4.1030/E/96-007 Sun in Action: The Solar Thermal Market
TEMPUS S-JEP-09015-95 Architectural Ecology Course
TEMPUS S JEP-09778-95 Multimedia and Computer Based Modular Teaching Material
RENA-CT94-0069 Energiepaket
DIS/1134/96 - IR Architectural Practice and Rational Use of Energy
DIS/976/96-IR Energy Efficiency Courses on the Internet
DIS/0188/95-IR/DE/HE/FR THERMIE on the Internet
DIS/0189/95-IR/AT/FI/ES Promotion of Energy Technologies
DIS/0162/95-IR/BE MAXIBROCHURE on Bioclimatic Architecture
DIS/0161/95-IR/BE CD-ROM ON Bioclimatic Architecture
JOS3-CT95-0001 Implementation of New Energy Technologies; Non-technical Barriers and Policy Responses
XVII/4.1030/Z/95/077 ALTENER - Mid-Career Education
XVII/4.1031/S/94-59 SAVE - Cambridge
XVII/4.1030/93-8 ALTENER - EURODAS
XVII/4.1030/A/94-123 ALTENER - Irish Architects
JOU2-CT94-0282 Daylight Design of European Buildings
JOU2-CT93-0396 Technical and Aesthetic Integration of Renewable Energy Sources
JOU2-CT94-0373 Advanced Windows
XVII/6.9400/0/94-012 OPET 94/95
XVII/70001/90/19 OPET
JOU2-CT92-0196 COMBINE-2
JOU2-CT92-0219 SOLINFO-3
CIPD CT93-0340 INNOBUILD - Genchev
JOU2-CT92-0217 INNOBUILD - architectural ideas competition for retrofitting apartment buildings in Central and Eastern Europe.
STEP-CT-90-0107 STONE
JOUE-0060-C(TT) COMBINE - Computer Models for the Building Industry in Europe
JOUE-CT89-0013-IRL SOLINFO-2
CCM-242 VALUE
EN3S-0088 ARCHISOL
EN3S-0087 SOLINFO - Information on Solar Architecture



UCD Energy Research Group, University College Dublin, Richview, Clonskeagh, Dublin 14, Ireland.
Email: erginfo@ucd.ie Tel: +353 (1) 716 2721 Fax: +353 (1) 716 2690
© Copyright 2011 UCD ERG.